THIS PAGE IS INTENDED FOR UK PATIENTS WHO HAVE BEEN PRESCRIBED COMBISAL®

What is Asthma?

Definition
Asthma is a common lung condition that affects the airways, sometimes causing occasional breathing difficulties.1,2 It often starts in childhood, although it affects people of all ages, with some people developing symptoms for the first time during adulthood. Currently, there is no cure available, however there are many treatments that can help keep your symptoms under control and increase your quality of life. 1,2

Symptoms
The most common symptoms of asthma are wheezing, cough, occasional breathlessness and developing a feeling of tightness in the chest. 1,2 Sometimes children and adults with asthma have times when their breathing becomes more difficult.3 Depending on the severity of your condition, your symptoms can range from mild to severe. They can vary over time and may be different to other people’s symptoms. Each episode may last around an hour, or persist for several weeks unless treated. 1,2,3

See your GP if you think you or your child have asthma, and are finding it hard to control.3

Causes
Currently the exact cause of asthma is unknown.1,4 Some of the suggested causes are genetics, pollution and possibly even modern hygiene standards, although more evidence is needed to determine true causality.1,2,4 Symptoms result from an inflammatory response, which asthma can cause swollen, inflamed and sensitive airways, that can become narrow and clogged with sticky mucus.1,2,4

Asthma triggers
Sometimes the asthma symptoms can occur in response to certain triggers. Some of the most common triggers include: infections, allergies, medicines, weather conditions, emotions, stress or even laughter.4 Understanding your own symptoms and triggers can help you to control your asthma.4

References
1) Patient. Asthma. https://patient.info/chest-lungs/asthma-leaflet (accessed May 2020). 2) NHS. Asthma. https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/asthma/ (accessed May 2020). 3) NHS. Asthma. https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/asthma/symptoms/ (accessed May 2020). 4) NHS. Asthma. https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/asthma/causes/ (accessed May 2020).

Asthma Resources

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Reporting of Side Effects
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor, pharmacist or nurse. This includes any possible side effects not listed in the product’s package leaflet. You can also report side effects directly via the Yellow Card Scheme at www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard. By reporting side effects you can help provide more information on the safety of this medicine.
Revision reference – Combisal_4_05.06.2020